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The Other Side of Tolerance

How Homosexual Activism Threatens Liberty

Timothy Dailey, Center for Marriage and Family Studies, Family Research Council (2006)

Picture a country where you could lose your job for expressing moral reservations about homosexu­ality—or even worse, where the public voicing of such opposition could be a crime. You do not have to imagine such an Orwellian land: it is increas­ingly becoming a reality in the United States of America.

This has long been the goal of radical gay activists. In the mid-1980s, National Gay Task Force staff members Marshall Kirk and Erastes Pill (Hunter Madsen) described a step-by-step master plan for achieving the full acceptance of homosexuality in American culture. In discussing how to manipu­late the media for their aims, the authors write: “At a latter stage of the media campaign for gay rights it will be time to get tough with remaining oppo­nents. To be blunt, they must be vilified … The public must be shown images of ranting homo­phobes whose secondary traits and beliefs disgust Middle America.”1

In their book, After the Ball: How America Will Conquer Its Fear and Hatred of Gays in the ‘90s, Kirk and Madsen describe those who persist in their belief that homosexuality is unnatural and morally wrong as “Intransigents” who “feel compelled to adhere rigidly to an authoritarian belief structure (e.g., an orthodox religion) that condemns homo­sexuality,” and who may be fighting “desperately to suppress their own homosexual proclivities.”2

During the past two decades the strategy of gay activists to “vilify” those who oppose their lifestyle has met with a troubling degree of success. “The age of “tolerance” and “multiculturalism” increas­ingly is not seen as applying to one particular group of religious practitioners. Under the guise of “preventing discrimination,” Christians and others who hold traditional values are being subjected to blatant prejudice with little regard for the open-mindedness their opponents claim to champion.

Those who have assumed that “gay rights” is about extending basic civil rights to disenfranchised ho­mosexuals are in for a rude awakening. As colum­nist Ben Shapiro writes, radical homosexuals are “not looking for passive tolerance. They’re looking for active acceptance. Now, ignoring homosexuality is no longer allowable; we must instead champion it, equating it with heterosexuality. In fact, homo­sexuality must be prized over heterosexuality.”3

R. Albert Mohler, president of the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, describes how radi­cal homosexual activists seek to demonize those who oppose their agenda: “Those who oppose the normalization of homosexuality have been pre­sented as backwoods, antiquated, and dangerous people, while those advancing the cause are pre­sented as forces for light, progress, and acceptance. Conservative Christians have been presented as proponents of hatred rather than as individuals driven by biblical conviction.”4 These stereotypes have been used to justify denying people basic rights to freedom of speech and of religion.

If this sound too alarmist—something that could never happen in our United States, where freedom and liberty are the cornerstone of our democratic way of life—then please read on. In some of the following cases, the courts and government agen­cies have protected religious freedom; in other troubling cases, however, activist judges have re­fused to uphold the right of people of faith to ex­press their beliefs.

Intolerance toward Christians in Public Schools and Universities

Michigan

At Pioneer High School in Ann Arbor, Michigan, a student was forbidden to offer a traditional view­point on homosexuality during a panel addressing “Homosexuality and Religion.” The one-sided “diversity” program, held in 2002, presented ho­mosexuality as normal and healthy.

Apparently the “separation of church and state” argument—usually invoked to prevent religious expression in public places—did not trouble school officials, who invited only pro-homosexual reli­gious leaders to participate.5 The student felt she had no other recourse but to bring a lawsuit after her request that the invited panel include a reli­gious representative who believed that homosexual behavior was immoral was denied.

The school also prevented the student from ex­pressing her views against homosexuality during the “Homosexuality and Religion” panel discus­sion, claiming that the student’s beliefs were a “negative” message that would “water down” the “positive” religious message they wished to convey about homosexuality.6

Fortunately, in this case a Michigan court ruled that Pioneer High School violated the establish­ment clause of the U.S. Constitution by censuring the student for attempting to have a traditional viewpoint represented. The school was ordered to pay more than $100,000 in attorney fees to the Thomas More Law Center, which represented the student. The presiding judge issued a blistering re­buke of Ann Arbor’s so-called “diversity” program: “This case presents the ironic, and unfortunate, paradox of a public high school celebrating ‘diver­sity’ by refusing to permit the presentation to stu­dents of an ‘unwelcome’ viewpoint on the topic of homosexuality and religion, while actively promot­ing the competing view.”

North Carolina

A student at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill was verbally harassed by an instructor for voicing his moral opposition to homosexuality. During a class session about whether heterosexual men felt “threatened” by homosexual men, the stu­dent cited the example of “a friend in California who is a Christian and who was propositioned by a gay man. He got a love letter from this man, and he felt dirty and disgusted, not threatened.”

Following the class the instructor emailed the class participants in which she railed against the student by name: “I will not tolerate any racist, sexist, and/or heterosexist comments in my class. What we heard Thursday at the end of class constitutes ‘hate speech’ and is completely unacceptable; it has cre­ated a hostile environment. … I will do my best to counter those feelings and protect that space from further violence.”

The instructor also appeared to justify the use of bullying tactics against the student, claiming that he had no right to “make violent, heterosexist com­ments and not feel marked or threatened or vul­nerable.” Indeed, the verbal attack led to personal threats against the student, and his car was vandal­ized.

The student appealed the incident to the U.S. Education Department’s Office of Civil Rights, which ruled that the student has been illegally subjected to “intentional discrimination and ha­rassment” because he was “a white, heterosexual Christian male” who expressed disapproval of ho­mosexuality.

The Office of Civil Rights ruling stated: “The email message not only subjected the student to in­tentional discrimination and harassment, but also discouraged the robust exchange of ideas that is in­trinsic to higher education, and is at the very heart of the Constitutional protection of free speech.”

Apparently the university did not learn that it must respect the rights of Christians, and sought to shut down a Christian fraternity, Alpha Iota Omega, on the grounds that the fraternity violates the univer­sity’s anti-discrimination policy by excluding non-Christians and open, practicing homosexuals from membership. The fraternity sued, claiming that the university violated their constitutional rights to free speech, free assembly, and free exercise of religion.

A U.S. District Court issued a preliminary injunc­tion preventing the university from shutting down the fraternity. According to the judge issuing the injunction, it was necessary to put the Christian fraternity “on the same footing as nonreligious or­ganizations which select their members on the ba­sis of commitment.”7

The Washington Times reports that similar efforts have been made to close down Christian stu­dent groups at other schools, including Gonzaga University in Spokane, Wash., Pennsylvania State University, the University of Minnesota, the University of Oklahoma, and Southwest Missouri State University.8

Christians Denied the Right of Peaceful Protest

Philadelphia

In Philadelphia, a group of Christians was arrested on felony counts for peacefully protesting at a gay pride event. The “Philadelphia 11,” ranging in age from 17 to 72, were arrested in October 2004 near the entrance to a homosexual Coming Out Day celebration. According to reports, the group was set upon by gay activists calling themselves “Pink Angels,” who physically accosted the protesters.

None of the homosexual activists faced any charges, even though video of the incident shows them act­ing in a hostile manner towards the peaceful pro­testers. However, the city was determined to throw the book at the protesters. The counts against the Christian group included “ethnic intimidation” (second-degree felony “hate crime”), “criminal conspiracy” (first-degree felony), “possession of instruments of crime” (first-degree misdemeanor), “reckless endangerment of another person” (sec­ond-degree felony), “riot” (third-degree felony), “failure to disperse” (second-degree misdemeanor), “obstructing a highway” (third-degree misdemean­or) and “disorderly conduct” (second-degree mis­demeanor).9

A federal judge refused to halt the prosecution of the 11 Christians, even when presented with evi­dence that they had been lawfully and peacefully protesting at the gay pride event. The combined charges could have brought prison sentences of up to 47 years. After viewing a videotape of the incident, a judge in December dismissed charg­es against six of the defendants, but four adults and one juvenile still faced prosecution. The case dragged on until late February 2005, when a Court of Common Pleas judge put an end to efforts by the city to prosecute the Christian protesters by dismissing all charges against them.

Lawyers for the arrested Christians called for a federal investigation against the police officers and the city of Philadelphia, alleging that “the city clearly continued to prosecute the Christians with a vengeance during the hearing with bad faith ar­guments, further demonstrating that the charges represent nothing more than an abuse of power.”10

Discrimination in the Workplace

Eastman Kodak

A shocking and disturbing new trend is emerging in corporate America: employees who object to the aggressive tactics by company-sponsored homo­sexual organizations are paying for their principled stands with their jobs.

In one recent case, an employee at Eastman Kodak was summarily fired for voicing objection to pro-homosexual memos being sent over company email.

In October 2002, a 23-year veteran at Kodak’s world headquarters in Rochester, NY, received a memo promoting an event organized by the ho­mosexual activist organization Human Rights Campaign (HRC). The memo instructed em­ployees to observe HRC’s 15th annual National Coming Out Day, and assist gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered employees to “feel comfortable in sharing his/her orientation in the workplace” in the following ways:

• Be supportive of the individual who wishes to share this information.

• Acknowledge his/her courage to publicly share this personal information.

• Respect the individual’s privacy. Understand how broadly he/she wishes the information to be shared.

• Acknowledge your level of awareness of this topic, and share your personal willingness to un­derstand.

After warning that “anti-gay humor” or “negative comments” violate company policy, the memo con­cluded with a thinly veiled threat: “Reported viola­tions of this policy are to be thoroughly investigat­ed. If verified, disciplinary action is to be taken.”

The employee sent the following succinct reply to the email, which was also copied to all recipients of the email, some 1,000 Kodak employees:

“Please do not send this type of information to me anymore, as I find it disgusting and offensive. Thank you.”

Shortly afterwards, another memo was sent to all employees criticizing the employee, stating that “(his) comments are hurtful to our employees, friends and family members who are gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgendered. This behavior is not aligned with the Kodak Values and, therefore, is not acceptable.” The employee was ordered to sign a document admitting he was wrong for holding such opinions, and when he refused, he was fired.

An unnamed message poster to a local radio sta­tion stated: “I work in the same division as (the employee). Kodak is constantly trying to cram this diversity/inclusive culture c**p down our throats. We are told by management that all beliefs are wel­come. Well, as (he) found out, if your opinions and fundamental beliefs go against the Kodak party line, you will be gone.”

The employee is pursuing legal options, including a lawsuit.11

AT&T

A Denver-area man was fired by AT&T for re­fusing to sign a controversial diversity policy that required him to “value” homosexuality. The em­ployee, who had worked for AT&T for two years, was fired in 2001 after refusing to sign a “certifi­cate of understanding” included in a new employee handbook issued in January 2001. The handbook stated that “each person at AT&T Broadband is charged with the responsibility to fully recognize, respect and value the differences among all of us,” including sexual orientation.

The employee said that while he was willing to pledge not to discriminate or harass anyone, his religious beliefs prevented him from “valuing” be­havior that he considers to be immoral. He said that “AT&T should be able to expect certain be­havior from people but not force their beliefs on people.”

Fortunately in this case, the U.S. District Court for the District of Colorado awarded the employee $146,000 for lost salary, benefits, and compensation for emotional distress. The presiding judge found that although there was no direct religious discrim­ination against the employee, AT&T Broadband failed to show it could not have accommodated his beliefs “without undue hardship” to the company.

John W. Whitehead, president of the Rutherford Institute, which represented the employee, ap­plauded the ruling: “This issue is about more than an objection to homosexuality. It concerns the free­dom of conscience—the right of individuals to ob­ject to something they believe is wrong, especially when it contradicts their religious beliefs, whether it is war, abortion, homosexuality, or a number of other issues.”12

Hewlett-Packard

A Christian employee lost his job at Hewlett-Packard for posting Bible quotes critical of ho­mosexuality on his desk. The employee displayed the verses in response to a company sponsored “Diversity is Our Strength” campaign that featured homosexual employees.

HP claimed that the employee was fired for “in­subordination” after refusing to remove the quotes when managers determined they were offensive. The employee’s attorney said that no one com­plained about the posted Bible verses, nor did his client confront any co-workers in a hostile man­ner.

The San Francisco-based U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit has ruled that Hewlett Packard was justified in firing the employee. In its ruling, the court stated that HP “need not accept the bur­dens that would result from allowing actions that demean or degrade, or are designed to demean or degrade, members of its work force.”13 The court apparently agreed with HP in putting the busi­ness interests of the company above the First Amendment rights of its employees by agreeing that the company would have been put under “un­due hardship” to accommodate the religious beliefs of the employee.14

Lawyers for the employee said they will petition the U.S. Supreme Court to add the case to the high court’s growing docket of religious freedom cases.

City of Oakland, California

The city of Oakland has taken punitive actions against two employees of the city who advertised a meeting of a pro-traditional marriage and family group on a bulletin board used to promote a variety of political and sexually oriented causes.

A federal court ruled that the City of Oakland had a right to bar the employees from posting a flyer that read:

“Good News Employee Association is a forum for people of Faith to express their views on the con­temporary issues of the day, with respect for the Natural Family, Marriage, and Family Values.”

Despite the positive, pro-family, and seemingly innocuous nature of the flyer, it was removed the same day and the employees were reprimanded for “inappropriately posting materials” which “con­tained statements of a homophobic nature and were determined to promote sexual orientation-based harassment” in violation of the city’s anti-discrimination policy. The state of California and many local jurisdictions have anti-discrimination policies that include sexual orientation as a pro­tected category.

The employee’s suit contended that the city took unjust action against the employees “because they did not approve of the Christian beliefs, practices and activities of plaintiffs.” Unless the court grants redress, the city will “continue to engage in dis­criminatory behavior that persecutes, silences, and segregates Christian employees.”15

However, the court dismissed the suit, ruling that the employees did not have their First Amendment right violated. Lawyers vowed to appeal to the Supreme Court, if necessary: “This case sets a hor­rible precedent that suggests that the only thoughts and words allowed in a public workplace are those that support the homosexual agenda. The city of Oakland has interpreted this ruling to mean that Christianity has no place in our society and should be subject to punishment.”16

Discrimination Against Those Who Oppose Same-Sex Marriage

North Truro, Mass., Board of Fire Engineers

A long-time volunteer fireman in North Truro, Mass., was dismissed from his position on the Board of Fire Engineers after signing a petition in favor of putting a traditional marriage amendment on the ballot in Massachusetts. Because the peti­tions are a matter of public record, pro-homosexual groups have resorted to the tactic of posting online the names of every citizen who has signed—in or­der to invite retaliation against them. Leo “Skip” Childs was up for reappointment to the Board when an openly-homosexual selectman, PaulAsher-Best, accused him of harboring discrimina­tion because he had signed the marriage amend­ment petition.

“Recent action you took, Mr. Childs, indicates to me that you think that gay people are less than ful­ly human,” railed Asher-Best at the meeting. Skip attempted to diffuse the situation, explaining that his concern was that a “special interest group with a strong lobby would be able to influence a judge” and thus circumvent the will of the populace. That only infuriated Asher-Best more, who according to one report, “went ballistic.”

When the town council approved a new Board of Fire Engineers, Skip Childs had been replaced by another candidate. After nearly a decade spent vol­unteering in ambulances and repairing fire trucks, Skip had been publicly humiliated as a “bigot” for exercising his constitutional right to petition the government.

Catholic Charities Barred from Offering Adoption Services

Since 1987 Catholic Charities in Massachusetts has managed over 700 adoptions, many involv­ing older children and children with special needs. However, both the Department of Early Education and Care and the Department of Social Services in Massachusetts have regulations forbidding grant­ing licenses to contractors who “discriminate” on the basis of sexual orientation.

The Catholic Church, on the basis of its belief that homosexual practice is sinful, was refused a license because it could not in good conscience place chil­dren in homosexual households. Governor Mitt Romney, while opposed to homosexual marriage and sympathetic to Catholic Charities, stated that the issue should be resolved by the legislature, which declined to offer an exemption from the antidiscrimination policies. With no governmen­tal support in this historically Catholic state, the adoption agency has been forced to close its doors.

Catholic Charities received about $1 million out of a $38 million dollar budget from the state of Massachusetts. As noted by John Garvey, dean of Boston College Law School, in the Boston Globe, the reason Catholic Charities contracted with the government of Massachusetts “was not to get an additional 3 percent in its budget, but so that it could help with the special-needs adoptions that comprised 80 percent of its caseload. It was not about the money; it was about the Gospel.”17

As a result of extremist pro-homosexual policies, some needy children in Massachusetts may lose the opportunity to be placed in a traditional home with an adoptive mother and father that they need and deserve.

Florida Marriage Petition Supporters Harassed by Police

In what has been called a “stunning display of un­professional conduct,” police officers in Sunrise, Florida approached pro-family activists at a Promise Keepers gathering and ordered them to stop collecting signatures to put a traditional mar­riage amendment to the state constitution on the November 2008 ballot. The police officers at­tempted to remove the petitions from public view, disregarding the fact that Promise Keepers had approved the petition effort by the Florida Family Policy Council, which had paid the required fee to have a booth at the event.

The officers ignored questions about what law or ordinance was being violated, and instead lectured the petition volunteers about what Jesus taught about homosexuality, telling those gathered that the petition effort was a waste of time. In a shock­ing display of contempt towards the pro-family ac­tivists, one of the police officers mockingly kissed another officer on the cheek.

According to the Florida Family Policy Council, in the ensuing confrontation the officer in charge “continued to interrupt with abusive and irrelevant personal remarks,” and even threatened those pres­ent with arrest if the petitions were not removed from the table.

The incident ended when an official with the Bank Atlantic Center arrived and informed the officers that Florida Family Policy Council had permis­sion to circulate the petitions, and that no rules or laws had been violated. The officers then left the scene.

John Stemberger, President and General Council for the Florida Family Policy Council, stated that he had never before seen such “unprofessional and bizarre” behavior on the part of the lead police of­ficer, who he said was “trying to bully law-abiding citizens.”18

Will Homosexual Rights Trump Religious Liberty?

In December, 2005, the Becket Fund for Religious Liberty brought together ten religious liberty scholars to discuss the impact of gay “marriage” on the freedom of religion. The scholars were unani­mous in their belief that a legal conflict over this issue was all but inevitable—and the conference brought little comfort to the supporters of tradi­tional marriage.

Georgetown University Law Professor Chai Feldblum, a prominent expert on gay civil rights, was asked by marriage expert Maggie Gallagher about what she thought should be the outcome in a conflict between gay “marriage” and religious liberty. As Gallagher relates, “And yet when push comes to shove, when religious liberty and sexual liberty conflict, [Feldblum] admits, ‘I’m having a hard time coming up with any case in which reli­gious liberty should win.’”19 Let those words be a wake-up call for all those who cherish their First Amendment right to practice their religious be­liefs—including their religiously-based moral con­victions about God’s will concerning the nature of marriage and human sexuality.

Legal Assistance

Many Christians mistakenly believe that they should not stand up for their constitutional rights. However, the Apostle Paul spoke up for his rights as a Roman citizen. When he was wrongly impris¬oned at Philippi in Asia Minor, he did not hesitate to inform the civil authorities of his legal rights as a Roman citizen and to demand redress (Acts 16:37-39). Later, when arrested in Judea, he ex¬ercised his legal right to appeal to Caesar in Rome (Acts 22:25-29). Christians who feel that their right of religious freedom and expression under the Constitution has been denied should likewise seek redress. By doing so, you may also help to protect others who are facing or will face similar situations by establishing legal precedent for the protection of such rights.


The Family Research Council does not become directly involved in litigation. The following legal aid organizations may offer information, advice, or assistance to those who have experienced dis­crimination in the workplace, in the classroom, or elsewhere.

Alliance Defense Fund, Inc.

The nation’s largest public interest legal alliance that serves, funds and trains attorneys to defend, protect and reclaim religious freedom, traditional family values and sanctity of life.

(800) 835-5233

American Center for Law and Justice (ACLJ)

ACLJ specializes in constitutional law and is based in Washington, D.C. Through its work in the courts and the legislative arena, the ACLJ is dedicated to protecting religious and constitu­tional freedoms.

P.O. Box 90555Washington, DC 20090-0555Legal Helpline: (757) 226-2489www.aclj.org

Christian Legal Society

A national grassroots network of lawyers and law students committed to proclaiming, loving and serving Jesus Christ, through all we do and say in the practice of law, and advocating biblical con­flict reconciliation, public justice, religious free­dom and the sanctity of human life.

4208 Evergreen LaneSuite 222Annandale, Virginia 22003-3264(703) 642-1070

Christian Legal Fellowship (CLF)

CLF is a registered Canadian charity and associa­tion in excess of 350 members, including lawyers, law students, professors, judges, and friends inter­ested in legal affairs in Canada.

(519) 641-8850

The Rutherford Institute

A non-profit conservative legal organization dedicated to the defense of civil, especially reli­gious, liberties and human rights.

P.O. Box 7482Charlottesville, VA 22906-7482 (434) 978-3888General Inquiries: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Legal Assistance: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

The Thomas More Law Center

A not-for-profit public interest law firm dedicat­ed to the defense and promotion of the religious freedom of Christians, time-honored family val­ues, and the sanctity of human life.

24 Frank Lloyd Wright Drive, P.O. Box 393 Ann Arbor, MI 48106(734) This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Footnotes

1. “Aggressively Gay,” The American Enterprise 12 (June 2001): 11-12.

2. Marshall Kirk and Hunter Madsen, After the Ball: How America will Conquer Its Fear and Hatred of Gays in the ‘90s,” (New York: Doubleday, 1989): 176.

3. Ben Shapiro, “The Radical Homosexual Agenda and the Destruction of Standards,” Townhall.com (March 9, 2005): http://www.townhall.com/columnists/benshapiro/print­bs20050309.shtml

4. R. Albert Mohler, Jr., “After the Ball—Why the Homosexual Movement Has Won” Gender-News.com (June 3, 2004): http://www.gender-news.com/other.php?id=19.

5. Jim Brown and Jenni Parker, “Lawyer Credits Christian Student’s Courage in Winning Case, Crosswalk.com (October 14, 2004): http://www.crosswalk.com/news/religiontoday/1289973.html.

6. “School Censored Christian Student from Expressing Her Religious Views against Homosexuality—Ordered to Pay $102,738,” Thomas More Law Center (October 5, 2004): http:// www.thomasmore.org/news.html?NewsID=238.

7. “Judge Orders UNC to Recognize Christian Fraternity,” News- Record.com (March 4, 2005): http://news-record.com/news/now/ uncfrat_030405.htm.

8. George Archibald, “Discrimination against White Male Found,” Washington Times (September 24, 2004): http://www.washing­tontimes.com/functions/print.php?StoryID=20040924-120619- 1344r.

9. Allie Martin, “Philly 5 are Free!” Agape Press (February 17, 2005): http://headlines.agapepress.org/archive/2/172005a.asp.

10. “Charges Dismissed against Philly 5: Court Vindicates Free Speech,” Press Release: American Family Association Center for Law and Policy (February 25, 2005).

11. Ben Rand, “Kodak Manager’s Firing Stirs Comments on Rights,” Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, (October 30, 2002): 10D; James Bandler, “Rights in Conflict,” Wall Street Journal (November 18, 2002): C1.

12. Amy Fagan, “Worker Opposed to Gays Wins Suit,” Washington Times (April 7, 2004): A1.

13. Jason Hoppin, “Cubicle Anti-Gay Postings Merit Firing,” Law. com ( January 1, 2004): http://www.law.com/jsp/printerfriendly. jsp?c=LawArticle&t=PrinterFriendlyArticle&cid.

14. “Christian Fired for “Anti-gay” Bible Verses: 9th Circut Says Worker Harmed Hewlett-Packard’s ‘Diversity’ Effort,” WorldNetDaily ( January 7, 2004): http://www.worldnetdaily. com/news/printer_friendly.asp?ARTICLE_ID=36484.

15. Art Moore, “City Ties ‘Family Values’ to ‘Homophobia’: Employee’s Flyer Promoting Christian Meeting Deemed Harassment, (WorldNetDaily, July 31, 2003): http://www. worldnetdaily.com/news/printer-friendly.asp?ARTICLE_ ID=33845.

16. “City Can Bar ‘Family Values’ Message,” WorldNetDaily (February 17, 2005): http://worldnetdaily.com/news/printer-friendly.asp?ARTICLE_ID=42888.

17. Patricia Wen, “They Cared for the Children,” Boston Globe ( June 25, 2005).

18. “Pro-Gay Rights City of Sunrise Police Officers Harass Volunteers and Try to Stop Marriage Petition Collecting,” Florida Family Action ( June 6, 2006).

19. Maggie Gallagher, “Banned in Boston: The Coming Conflict Between Same-sex Marriage and Religious Liberty,” Weekly Standard 11 (May 15, 2006): 22.


 

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